CRC 991

Koen Van Hooste, MA (Mr)

Subject

Linguistics

SToRE membership

SToRE member since 21 Aug 2012

1. advisor: Prof. Dr. Robert van Valin

2. advisor: Prof. Dr. Leon Stassen

3. advisor: Dr. Thomas Gamerschlag

PhD project

The Morphosyntax of Instrument Roles

There are many different ways of expressing a semantic instrument. In a language like German a Prepositional Phrase is used, as in for example: "Ich schreibe den Brief mit dem Stift." A similar strategy exists in English and in French. It is also possible to employ a parphrasis with the verb "use"; "I use the pen to write a letter". These are, however, all languages of (western) Indo-European descent. A Uralic language like Finnish uses a local case to mark a specific NP as the instrument. Consider: "Vasaralla hän koosti Ikea-kaapin". The sentence reads (literally): "With a hammer, he/she built the Ikea cupboard." Vasara "hammer" is suffixed by the adessive marker -lla/-llä. Other languages have a specialized case (the so-called instrumental) to mark an NP as instrument, such as Hungarian. There are many more strategies in the languages of the world to mark instruments. In many African languages (such as Yoruba), instruments are encoded using serial verb constructions In this PhD project, I will investigate the precise nature of the instrumental role (semantics) and then conduct a cross-linguistic, typological survey of the methods with which this role (morphosyntax) is instantiated.

Conference presentations

  • 19-20 July 2012 - Typologica/Limes2 Düsseldorf: Conference Presentation: Direct Object Morphology and the Role of the Partitive in Finnish
  • 5-6 April 2013- STaPs Heidelberg Workshop: Glossing in A Clear and Consistent Manner
  • 1-3 August 2013 - RRG13 Freiburg/Breisgau: A Role and Reference Grammar Description of the Finnish Partitive Case
  • 17-21 September 2013 - SLE 2013 Split, Kroatien: Poster Presentation: A Role and Reference Grammar Description of Object Marking in Finnish
  • 13-17 November - STuTs Düsseldorf: Sprachtutorial Gotisch

Last updated

08 Jan 2014